Bhardwaj Dental Clinic provides comprehensive diagnosis and personalized care for bite disorders, often called TMJ for the name of the jaw joint, or temporomandibular joint, which connects the lower jaw to the base of the skull. causes of a bite-related disorder are many but there are a few common symptoms that most patients experience that indicate dysfunction in the TMJ. The goal of treatment is to first, ease the muscle tension or spasm in the jaw that is causing painful symptoms, and second, offer long-term dental health and comfort by treating the underlying problem affecting bite function.
Common Signs & Symptoms of TMJ
If someone has any of these common symptoms of a bite problem, like
- Neck, shoulder, and back pain
- Clicking and popping, or pain while eating
- Jaw locking (both open and close)
- Jaw clenching and teeth grinding (day or night)
- Sensitive teeth
- Unexplained broken fillings or crowns
- Chipped, worn, or flattened teeth
- Teeth shifting out of position
Seeking early treatment can help to avoid tooth damage or muscle damage that may require more complex treatment to resolve.
What are the Common Causes of Bite Disorders
There is no single factor for TMJ disorder or bite dysfunction. It can be caused by a wide variety of factors. Teeth grinding and jaw clenching are often contributing factors. Many patients grind their teeth and experience TMJ symptoms as a reaction to stress, while others have bite problems related:
- Arthritis or other disease-related joint tissue degeneration
A thorough evaluation using a Doppler device and digital x-rays can provide a more accurate diagnosis allowing for more comprehensive and predictable treatment.
Treatment available for TMJ Disorders and Bite Problems
A thorough evaluation of the occlusal system is the key to productive and enduring treatment for TMJ-related disorder. In many situations, treating only the symptoms without identifying and treating the underlying cause leads to a breakdown of oral health over time in many situations. Some of the best options of treatment may include:
- Mouthguard/Splint therapy: A custom mouthguard or dental splint is used to reposition the jaw in the absence of an underlying dental problem and to stop teeth grinding
- Restorative Dentistry: Bite equilibration can be performed using restorative dental treatments such as dental crowns and tooth bonding, if teeth are damaged, worn or not making proper contact.
Orthodontics: to resolve bite problems resulting from malocclusion, orthodontic treatment may be recommended to straighten the smile and relieve jaw tension.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your jawbone to your skull. There is a joint on either face of the jaw. TMJ disorder is a kind of temporomandibular disorder or TMD that may cause discomfort in the jaw joint as well as in the jaw muscles. movement.
The cause for the person’s TMJ disorder is sometimes difficult to pinpoint. Your discomfort could be caused by a mix of causes, including the genetics of your condition, arthritis or jaw injuries. People who suffer from jaw pain are also prone to grind or clenching their teeth (bruxism) However, many people regularly grind or clench their teeth but never suffer from TMJ problems.
Most of the time the discomfort and pain caused by TMJ issues is only temporary and is easily treated with self-managed treatments or nonsurgical ones. Surgery is usually the last option after all other treatments have failed, however, certain patients with TMJ issues might benefit from surgical treatment.
The temporomandibular joints combine the action of the hinge and sliding motions. The bones that connect with each other in the joint is covered by cartilage. They are separated by a shock-absorbing disk. This disk is designed to keep the movement fluid.
TMJ pain TMJ conditions can be triggered in the following situations:
The disk is damaged or moved out of alignment
The cartilage of the joint is damaged due to arthritis.
The joint can be damaged by an impact or blow.
In most cases, however, the root cause of TMJ issues isn’t fully understood.
Factors that can increase the chance of developing TMJ disorders are:
There are many types of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis
The long-term (chronic) grinding, or grinding of teeth
Certain connective tissue diseases can lead to issues that could impact the temporomandibular joints.
In some instances, symptoms of TMJ problems can disappear without treatment. If you are experiencing persistent symptoms and your physician recommends various treatments that may include more than one treatment option completed simultaneously.
Alongside other nonsurgical treatment options These medications can assist in relieving pain with TMJ problems:
Anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers. If over-the-counter pain remedies aren’t enough for relieving the pain of TMJ, you physician or dentist could prescribe stronger pain relief medications for a brief period like Ibuprofen with prescription strength.
tricyclic antidepressants. These medications, like amitriptyline are mostly used for depression. However, in small doses, they can be utilized for pain relief as well as bruxism management and sleepiness.
Relaxants for muscles. These types of medicines are usually utilized for a couple of days or weeks to alleviate discomfort caused by TMJ conditions caused by muscles spasms.